I don’t claim to be an expert on Microsoft’s personalities, politics and corporate structure. So I’m not particularly well equipped to say anything brilliant about the company’s massive reorganization, which turned from rumor to reality today. (Here’s Steve Ballmer’s memo to the staff, which Microsoft simply published as a public statement, too.)
But the overarching goal of the reorganization is fascinating food for thought. Here’s Ballmer:
Going forward, our strategy will focus on creating a family of devices and services for individuals and businesses that empower people around the globe at home, at work and on the go, for the activities they value most.
We will do this by leveraging our strengths. We have powered devices for many years through Windows PCs and Xbox. We have delivered high-value experiences through Office and other apps. And, we have enabled enterprise value through products like Windows Server and Exchange. The form of delivery shifts to a broader set of devices and services versus packaged software. The frontier of high-value scenarios we enable will march outward, but we have strengths and proven capabilities on which we will draw.
And here’s a snippet from another Microsoft statement about the news — obviously by Ballmer, though I don’t see a byline:
No technology company has as yet delivered a definitive family of devices useful all day for work and for play, connected with every bit of a person’s information available through one cloud. We see tremendous room for innovation in software, services and hardware to bring the consumer this new, more complete and enveloping experience.
Our family will include a full spectrum of both partner and first-party devices. We believe we need all of these categories to drive innovation, fulfill market desire for diversity of experience, and achieve volume.
Our family will include phones, tablets, PCs, 2-in-1s, TV-attached devices and other devices to be imagined and developed. No other company has such strength across so many categories today, and yet this strength is essential to being relevant and personal throughout people’s lives. Our devices must share a common user-interface approach tailored to each hardware form factor. They must deliver experiences based on a common set of services such as the same account login or a common understanding of people and their relationships. They need to share the same services infrastructure so that the information an individual has shared on one device can be available and carry across all the devices in the family. Our devices must support the same high-value activities in ways that are meaningful across different device types. Developers must be able to target all our devices with a common programming model that makes it easy to target more than one device.
Got it? Microsoft wants to be organized in a fashion that puts devices first — they’re mentioned before services, and poor old traditional software isn’t even explicitly addressed in the new corporate mantra.
The company mentions that the devices in question will include both “partner and first-party” products, which means that some of them will be from other manufacturers and some, like Xbox One and Surface, will be offered by Microsoft itself. There’s lot of detail about the new vision in these two Microsoft memos, but the company isn’t spelling out how many of these devices will be from partners and how many will be from Microsoft. It seems a given, though, that the company sees itself as doing more of its own devices in the future rather than fewer of them.
However Microsoft goes about reinventing itself, it’s not dumbing things down too much to divide its 38-year history into two eras:
- The age of packaged PC software, when Microsoft was fabulously successful and focused on keeping it that way — and was simultaneously aggressive about attacking other companies’ turf while (usually) pretty conservative about its management of its major products;
- The age of devices and services, in which Microsoft, huge though it still is, is very much an underdog. In this era, Microsoft has been willing to make big bets. It’s ripped up Windows Mobile and Windows itself and started from scratch, and risked ticking off its most important customers by getting into the PC business with Surface. And it’s building stuff which — whatever you think of it and its chances at success — is less stolid and more interesting than Microsoft products have been in years.
You can identify some Microsoft successes in this second era — especially Xbox — but it remains an enormous gamble that hasn’t yet paid off, and which must succeed if Microsoft wants to continue to be one of the tech companies that defines the tech industry. The company isn’t pulling back, though: With the reorganization, it’s doubling down on the idea.
So even if you don’t care who’s running what inside Microsoft, you do care — at least if you have any interest in the device-and-service vision it’s outlining, and haven’t written off the company’s chances. The reorg is about a third era of Microsoft history, one which hasn’t started yet and which will only matter if its devices, services — and, yes, software — are a substantial advance on anything it’s doing right now.